Following is an outline of three major themes within the Pentateuch:
There are three important covenants in the Pentateuch:
i. Covenant with Noah: promise never to destroy the earth by flood again; sign is the rainbow.
ii. Covenant with Abraham: promise of land and descendants; sign is circumcision.
iii. Covenant with Moses or the Sinai Covenant: God promises to be God to the people and the people agree to obey His statutes; sign is obedience (some say Sabbath).
Promise of Land
As illustrated in the discussion above (see synchronic analysis of the Pentateuch), the theme of the PROMISE of land runs throughout the Pentateuch.
Theme of Abundance and Fruitfulness
Related to the theme of the promise of land is the theme of abundance, fruitfulness, and multiplication. God tells the first couple in the garden to “be fruitful and multiply.” God also promises Abraham his descendants will be as abundant as the stars in the sky, or the sand on the shore. The Hebrews become so abundant in Egypt that they become a threat to Pharaoh’s power and control. These examples illustrate the significance of this theme in the Pentateuch.
Law and the Sacrificial System
The giving of the Law at Sinai constitutes the main concern of Ex 19-Num 10. All of Leviticus is concerned with legal stipulations and instructions for the sacrificial system. Deuteronomy is cast as a speech from Moses serving as a review of the Law